Split into four topographical lines, Lebanon’s terrain can be envisioned as a series of alternating lowlands and highlands, running primarily from north to south.
Starting from the west, this sequence begins with the narrow coastal plains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. Next, rise the majestic Lebanon Mountains, known locally as Jabal Lubnān. Stretching almost the entire span of the country, they form a sentinel parallel to the Mediterranean, with an average elevation of 8,200 feet. Following this is the fertile expanse of the Békaa Valley, the agricultural heart of the nation. Finally, to the east, lies the intriguing Anti-Lebanon Range, or Jibāl Lubnān ash-Sharqiyyah. Not only is this range geographically significant, acting as the delineating line between Syria and Lebanon, but it also boasts an intriguing etymology. Its Western name, Anti-Lebanon, is rooted in ancient Greek and Latin, symbolising its position opposite and parallel to the Mount Lebanon range.
With such a fascinating blend of geography and history, Lebanon’s peaks offer more than just their sheer height. So, why not dive deeper? Join us as we embark on a journey to uncover the tallest mountains of this remarkable nation.
Qurnat as Sawda'
Standing tall among the mountains in Lebanon, Qurnat as Sawda’ claims the title of the tallest peak in the Lebanon Mountains and in the country, with a staggering 10,131 feet above sea level. Located approximately 45 miles northeast of Beirut, it’s situated in the Bsharri District. The mountain is composed of limestone and dolomite. Besides its elevation, it’s noteworthy for its status as a sacred site and for its biodiversity. Notably, the slopes shelter some of the remaining Cedar of Lebanon forests.
With an elevation of 8,842 feet, Mount Sannine or Jabal Șannīn stands as one of Lebanon’s highest mountains. It’s a part of the Lebanon Mountains and is a source for several springs.
Mount Ash Shaykh
The Anti-Lebanon peaks, marking the border between Lebanon and Syria, are comparable in stature to the Lebanon Mountains and feature some of the tallest mountains in Lebanon. Among them, Mount Ash Shaykh, also referred to as Mount Hermon, is the highest with an elevation of 9,232 feet. Not only does it dominate the skyline in Lebanon, but it also marks the highest point in Syria. Characterised by its karst bedrock, the peak of this mountain is often snow-capped. As the snow melts, it contributes to mountain springs, some of which are tributaries to the Jordan River.
The Biggest Mountains of Lebanon
To wrap up, Lebanon’s terrain boasts a diverse range of peaks, each with its own unique characteristics. From sacred sites to biodiversity hotspots, the highest mountains in Lebanon offer a deeper understanding of the country’s geography and history.