Ancient Peaks: Exploring the Highest Mountains in Egypt

It’s known for its pyramids, but the tallest mountains in Egypt are peaks created by nature. Read on to learn more.

Travel and Exploration
9 October 2023

Egypt is often synonymous with its ancient pyramids, but there’s also more natural wonder to this land than meets the eye.

Beyond the man-made marvels, the mountains in Egypt paint an intriguing backdrop against the nation’s vast deserts. From the rugged heights along the Red Sea to the towering structures of the Sinai Peninsula, the country’s topography is surprisingly varied. Exploring the highest mountains in Egypt offers a breathtaking journey not to be taken for granite.

Mount Catherine: The Apex of Adventure

Mount Catherine, Egypt. (Credit: Prakich via Getty Images)

Reaching an impressive 8,625 feet, Mount Catherine, or Kātrīnā, stands as the pinnacle of Egypt’s highest mountains. Found in the southern Sinai Peninsula, its height is yet further enhanced by the chapel and a meteorological station gracing its summit.

Mount Sinai: A Biblical Behemoth

The famous Mount Moses in Egypt. (Credit: Anton Petrus via Getty Images)

Not far from Mount Catherine is arguably the most iconic of the highest mountains in Egypt. Known as Jabal Musa or the Mountain of Moses, this 7,497-foot high granite sentinel is a site of great sacred significance.

Willow Peak: A Monastic Marvel

Willow Peak, seen from Mount Moses in Egypt on the Sinai Peninsula. (Credit: Andrei310 via Getty Images)

Overlooking the 6th century UNESCO-listed Saint Catherine’s Monastery is another of the biggest mountains of Egypt, Ras es-Safsafeh. Also known as Willow Peak, it looms at 6,460 feet above sea level, a harmonious blend of nature’s splendour and profound history.

Gabal Sha'ib El Banat

Mountains in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula (Credit: DEA PICTURE LIBRARY via Getty Images)

Venturing beyond the Sinai Peninsula and into the Saharan Eastern Desert, we find yet another of the highest mountains in Egypt between the cities of Hurghada and Safaga. In fact, with an elevation of some 7,175 feet, Gabal Sha’ib El Banat stands tall as the region’s highest peak.

Mount Helal

Mountains in Egypt (Credit: Anton Petrus via Getty Images)

Ascending to roughly 2,950 feet, Jabal al-Halal, or Mount Helal, stands as the crowning jewel of the Khashm ar-Rih range and one of the biggest mountains of Egypt.

Mount Serbal

St Catherine Mountain Range, Egypt (Credit: MOHAMED HUSSAIN YOUNIS via Getty Images)

Lastly, but far from the least, stands Mount Serbal. Gracing the St. Catherine National Park at about 6,791 feet, it’s nestled in Wadi Feiran in southern Sinai. A striking symbol of Egypt’s tallest mountains, Mount Serbal’s craggy juts and peaks are uniquely beautiful.

Egypt's Highest Mountains

View from Mount Sinai at sunrise. (Credit: Anton Petrus via Getty Images)

In summary, the biggest mountains of Egypt present a diverse array of geological features, from towering granite peaks to rugged limestone terrains. Each mountain, with its distinctive topography and elevation, adds a unique chapter to Egypt’s rich geophysical tapestry. These natural landmarks, standing tall for millennia, not only provide a stark contrast to Egypt’s ancient man-made wonders but also underscore the country’s varied and often overlooked geological heritage. Their imposing silhouettes against the vast desert landscape serve as timeless reminders of the intricate and awe-inspiring processes that shaped the very foundation of this historic land.


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